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Untitled
Posted by Anonymous on Fri 27th Feb 2015 17:58
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  1. http://pof.kpaste.net/
  2.  
  3. [> Relevant pastebins <]
  4. #-> vim masterrace - http://vim.kpaste.net/
  5. #-> A bit of history - http://nixhist.kpaste.net/
  6. #-> Security - http://secsav.kpaste.net/
  7.  
  8.  
  9. # Differences between distros
  10. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2vgc9a/whats_the_difference_between_all_these_versions/
  11.  
  12.  
  13. [ Monitoring tools ]
  14. ## Network monitoring
  15. # Pretty Ping!
  16. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1op98a/prettypingsh_a_better_ui_for_watching_ping/
  17. # Other
  18. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2s1q28/useful_commandline_network_monitors_on_linux/
  19.  
  20. # Logcheck, be lazy with checking logs
  21. http://logcheck.org/
  22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1QgbnK45IRg&feature=player_detailpage&list=PL170C8C4DDB2961B2&t=2999
  23. https://www.reddit.com/r/homelab/comments/2fgt30/monitoring_logs_with_elk_logstash_kibana/
  24.  
  25. # 80 Linux Monitoring Tools for SysAdmins - Server Density Blog (blog.serverdensity.com)
  26. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2v5r3y/80_linux_monitoring_tools_for_sysadmins_server/
  27. # How to analyze and view Apache web server logs interactively on Linux (xmodulo.com)
  28. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2vedpp/how_to_analyze_and_view_apache_web_server_logs/
  29.  
  30.  
  31. ## Process mgmt
  32. # How to run a process on a specific core
  33. http://xmodulo.com/2013/10/run-program-process-specific-cpu-cores-linux.html
  34. # How to kill process
  35. http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/kill-process-in-linux-or-terminate-a-process-in-unix-or-linux-systems/
  36.  
  37. # How to roll out your own Debian distro
  38. http://www.staldal.nu/tech/2011/12/11/how-to-roll-your-own-debian-based-linux-distro/
  39.  
  40. # Run stuff collaboratively on a server.
  41. http://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/tqo7b/til_rundeck_is_a_great_tool_to_run_commands/
  42.  
  43. # Generate random strings
  44. http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/30184/10-ways-to-generate-a-random-password-from-the-command-line/
  45.  
  46. # twander file manager
  47. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1ydl8t/pcman_file_manager_120_gets_separated_desktop/cfjuw9u
  48.  
  49. # Why u no open hardware :(
  50. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/20zg0h/first_ubuntu_tablets_to_launch_this_autumn/cg86z25
  51.  
  52. # About docs
  53. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/24jzyg/well_thats_a_super_helpful_installation_error/ch887pw
  54.  
  55. # Pipe through Internet!
  56. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/24uyqo/til_you_can_pipe_through_internet/
  57.  
  58. # Persistent (full?) install linux on usb for multiple computers with little to no damage? (self.linux)
  59. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2gqovx/persistent_full_install_linux_on_usb_for_multiple/
  60.  
  61. # 3D filesystem browser
  62. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hky9x/tdfsb_3d_filesystem_browser/
  63.  
  64. # IPcalc
  65. http://jodies.de/ipcalc
  66.  
  67. # Photoshop on Linux
  68. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2nbe8y/it_can_be_done_photoshop_cs5_on_linux_with_wine/
  69.  
  70. # Data recovery
  71. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2ov9tu/safecopy_recover_data_from_corrupt_media/
  72.  
  73. # Vbox - How to shared folders - https://forums.virtualbox.org/viewtopic.php?t=15868
  74.  
  75.  
  76.  
  77. [[[ Pro and work ]]]
  78. # I've scored an in-person interview for a Junior Linux Admin position. Recommendations on what to take to the interview? (self.linuxadmin)
  79. https://ssl.reddit.com/r/linuxadmin/comments/2v0905/ive_scored_an_inperson_interview_for_a_junior/
  80.  
  81.  
  82.  
  83. [[[ General resources & Blogs ]]]
  84.  
  85. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/21rm3o/what_is_a_useful_linux_tool_that_you_use_that/
  86. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2ao9tp/want_to_learn_to_be_a_linux_sysadmin/
  87.  
  88. http://inconsolation.wordpress.com/index/
  89. http://www.catonmat.net/blog/bash-one-liners-explained-part-one/
  90. http://mindspill.net/computing/linux-notes/
  91. http://conqueringthecommandline.com/
  92. http://n0where.net/open-source-sysadmin-resources/
  93. https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Servers
  94.  
  95. # installgentoo
  96. https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php?title=Main_Page
  97.  
  98. # About filesystem
  99. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1ypoz8/take_the_linux_filesystem_tour/
  100.  
  101. # Hardlinks & Softlinks
  102. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/251mb8/the_difference_between_hard_and_soft_links/
  103.  
  104. # X11 / Xorg / graphics stack explained
  105. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2acvmo/explaining_x11_for_the_rest_of_us/
  106. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2b8ap8/heartwrenching_story_of_opengl/
  107. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1twuhi/xplain_explaining_x11_for_the_rest_of_us_jasper/
  108.  
  109. # (Illustrated) SSH
  110. http://chamibuddhika.wordpress.com/2012/03/21/ssh-tunnelling-explained/
  111. http://www.unixwiz.net/techtips/ssh-agent-forwarding.html
  112. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iflp3/prefixed_multihop_ssh_wildcard_configurations/
  113. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2r539r/why_arent_we_using_ssh_for_everything/
  114.  
  115. # The Fascinating World of Linux System Calls (sysdigcloud.com)
  116. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2pm6lo/the_fascinating_world_of_linux_system_calls/
  117.  
  118. # systemd for Administrators, Part 1
  119. http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/systemd-for-admins-1.html
  120. # systemd for users
  121. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2dvmdn/what_do_you_as_a_user_love_about_systemd/
  122.  
  123. # Rsync difference between --checksum and --ignore-times options
  124. http://serverfault.com/questions/211005/rsync-difference-between-checksum-and-ignore-times-options
  125. http://tutorials.jenkov.com/rsync/checksums.html
  126.  
  127. # wget useful commands
  128. https://www.reddit.com/r/opendirectories/comments/2rfg79/20_wget_commands_that_can_be_used_to_accomplish/
  129.  
  130. # Rute User's Tutorial and Exposition
  131. http://rute.2038bug.com/index.html.gz
  132.  
  133. # Explains commands and their flags. VERY USEFUL!
  134. http://explainshell.com/
  135.  
  136. # IBM developer works
  137. http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/
  138.  
  139. # Debian minimal
  140. http://linuxforcynics.com/how-to/minimal-debian-install
  141. http://ask.debian.net/questions/what-s-the-first-thing-you-do-after-you-install-debian
  142.  
  143. # BroPages
  144. http://bropages.org/browse
  145.  
  146. # Cron syntax in plain English
  147. http://cronchecker.net/
  148.  
  149. # Install WordPress on CentOS 6.x
  150. http://www.geekpeek.net/install-wordpress-on-centos/
  151. http://www.tecmint.com/install-wordpress-using-lamp-or-lemp-on-rhel-centos-fedora/
  152.  
  153.  
  154. # GRUB
  155. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1195275
  156. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2ex4ex/short_introduction_into_grub_internals/
  157.  
  158. # Visualize memory
  159. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2mrrjb/how_to_visualize_memory_usage_on_linux/
  160.  
  161. # inotify (trigger)
  162. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2runmh/how_you_can_use_inotifytools_to_monitor_file/
  163.  
  164.  
  165. [ Nginx ]
  166. # docs
  167. https://github.com/ngx/docs
  168. http://wiki.nginx.org/Main
  169.  
  170. # Optimizing nginx
  171. http://blog.zachorr.com/nginx-setup/
  172.  
  173. # How to redirect nginx
  174. http://www.servernoobs.com/nginx-redirect-url-with-http1-1-301-moved-permanently-header/?doing_wp_cron=1393287314.0689818859100341796875
  175.  
  176. # Hardening nginx with better cyphers
  177. https://www.reddit.com/r/netsec/comments/2pqsx9/harden_ssl_in_nginx_with_stronger_ciphers_newer/
  178.  
  179.  
  180. [[[ Virtualization, Containarization, Provisioning ]]]
  181. [ Vagrant ]
  182. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/18878117/using-vagrant-to-run-virtual-machines-with-desktop-environment
  183.  
  184. [ Docker ]
  185. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2bxxye/introduction_to_docker/
  186. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2c1csz/whos_using_docker/
  187. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2bedwv/docker_security_with_selinux/
  188. https://github.com/shofetim/docker-skype
  189.  
  190.  
  191. [ Namespaces ]
  192. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2n7mol/linux_namespaces_powerful_isolation_os_level/
  193. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2n17b7/a_guide_to_linux_namespaces_and_environment/
  194. # cgroups
  195. http://lwn.net/Articles/603762/
  196.  
  197.  
  198. [ tmux ]
  199. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2arczq/learn_tmux_with_minimul/
  200. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/240oyo/mucks_a_session_manager_for_gnu_screen_and_tmux/
  201. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/25tcfk/practical_tmux/
  202.  
  203. # Memory leak improvement under Linux - http://tmux.kpaste.net/ee9c3
  204.  
  205.  
  206. [ LOL / regex ]
  207. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12985082
  208. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1732348/regex-match-open-tags-except-xhtml-self-contained-tags/1732454
  209.  
  210. # Validating e-mail addresses, easy way, and the hard way.
  211. http://blog.mattheworiordan.com/post/13174566389/url-regular-expression-for-links-with-or-without-the
  212. http://www.ex-parrot.com/pdw/Mail-RFC822-Address.html
  213.  
  214. # Intro to regex
  215. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkluES9Rvak
  216.  
  217. # Awk primer
  218. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2smkhm/awk_in_20_minutes/
  219. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/29hskb/an_awk_primer_wikibooks_open_books_for_an_open/
  220.  
  221.  
  222. [ LaTeX ]
  223. www.latextemplates.com
  224. https://www.writelatex.com/
  225. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2clx22/learning_latex_on_linux/
  226.  
  227.  
  228. [ YouTube chans ]
  229. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbNxlZZVmfP8n84ag-rGpMg/videos
  230. https://www.youtube.com/user/theurbanpenguin/videos?view=1&flow=list
  231. https://www.youtube.com/user/sabiddle/videos
  232. https://www.youtube.com/user/INEtraining/playlists
  233. # scripting
  234. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLcUid3OP_4OXOUqYTDGjq-iEwtBf-3l2E
  235.  
  236.  
  237. [[[ ~ Audio ~ ]]]
  238.  
  239. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1nun4f/using_linux_to_make_music_whats_the_deal/
  240. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iwd2y/is_linux_suitable_for_audio_recordingproduction/
  241. https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Pro_Audio
  242.  
  243. http://alsa.opensrc.org/
  244. http://www.sabi.co.uk/Notes/linuxSoundALSA.html
  245. http://www.sabi.co.uk/Notes/linuxSoundLatency.html
  246.  
  247. http://tuxradar.com/content/how-it-works-linux-audio-explained
  248. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/20118941/linux-audio-sub-systems
  249. http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/guide-to-sound-apis.html
  250.  
  251. https://forum.ableton.com/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=187391
  252.  
  253. https://github.com/wedesoft/hornetseye-alsa
  254. https://github.com/torvalds/linux/tree/master/Documentation/sound/alsa
  255.  
  256. http://manual.ardour.org/synchronization/latency-and-latency-compensation/
  257.  
  258. # General Reddit threads
  259. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/236a5l/can_someone_make_something_akin_to_wayland_but/
  260. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2sutds/my_band_pneumonia_recorded_our_first_album_using/
  261.  
  262. # Dynamic Range Compression for PulseAudio
  263. https://www.bfccomputing.com/dynamic-range-compression-for-pulseaudio/
  264.  
  265. # ALSA / Pulseaudio for pro audio discussion
  266. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hv73a/what_is_the_one_thing_you_wish_linux_had_natively/ckwd9mk
  267.  
  268. # Config
  269. http://wiki.linuxaudio.org/wiki/system%20configuration#build_your_own_real-time_kernel_on_debian_wheezy_or_later
  270. http://www.penguinproducer.com/Blog/2011/12/setting-up-a-studio-with-ubuntu/
  271.  
  272. # RIP CDs
  273. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2ijhdj/gnu_ddrescue_119_released/cl2pofg
  274.  
  275. # Speech / Voice recognition
  276. http://grasch.net/node/22
  277. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2jhzle/the_state_of_voice_recognition_software_within/https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2jhzle/the_state_of_voice_recognition_software_within/
  278.  
  279. # Learn piano
  280. http://pianobooster.sourceforge.net/
  281.  
  282. # The power of (GC)C
  283. echo "main(i){for(i=0;;i++)putchar(((i*(i>>17|i>>9)&46&i>>3))^(i&i>>10|i>>100));}" | gcc -w -x c - && ./a.out | aplay
  284.  
  285. # Troubleshooting
  286. lsusb / lspci
  287. cat /proc/asound/cards
  288. aplay -l
  289. aplay-L
  290.  
  291.  
  292.  
  293. [[[ Alternative UI ]]]
  294.  
  295. # Dex UI - Futuristic/Sci-Fi Interface Programmed In openFrameworks (nnkd.org)
  296. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2t0vjv/dex_ui_futuristicscifi_interface_programmed_in/
  297.  
  298. # Eagle Mode - Zoomable User Interface (YouTube)
  299. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1nprrh/eagle_mode_zoomable_user_interface_youtube/
  300.  
  301. # Wayland 3D Compositor on Oculus Rift (youtube.com)
  302. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/287nup/wayland_3d_compositor_on_oculus_rift/
  303.  
  304.  
  305.  
  306. [[[ GAEMZ ]]]
  307. # TribesNext (Tribes2 re-implementation) under Linux
  308. http://www.tribesnext.com/forum/index.php?topic=2095.0
  309. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdyxo_tauNQ
  310.  
  311. # RetroRig
  312. http://www.reddit.com/r/LinuxActionShow/comments/25wndc/retrorig_a_personal_project_i_hope_everyone/
  313.  
  314.  
  315.  
  316. [[[ Damage ]]]
  317.  
  318. [ Prevent ]
  319. # Backup ideas
  320. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2qtyby/what_does_rlinux_use_to_backup_their_computers/
  321. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2v30rm/what_is_your_preferred_method_to_transfer_your/
  322.  
  323. # How to shred recursively in directories
  324. http://www.linuxforums.org/forum/miscellaneous/46693-how-shred-entire-directory-tree.html#post257616
  325.  
  326. # What to do when altering remote machines
  327. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1kdf37/what_are_some_of_your_major_linux_fk_ups/cbnzb11
  328.  
  329. [ Control ]
  330. http://serverfault.com/questions/218005/how-do-i-deal-with-a-compromised-server
  331.  
  332.  
  333.  
  334. [[[ Shell & Scripting ]]]
  335. http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/ubuntu/keyboard-shortcuts-for-bash-command-shell-for-ubuntu-debian-suse-redhat-linux-etc/
  336. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2foinb/what_is_the_exact_difference_between_a_terminal_a/
  337.  
  338. Learn:
  339. http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/scripting/tutoriallist
  340. http://www.linuxtopia.org/online_books/bash_guide_for_beginners/index.html
  341. http://guide.bash.academy/
  342. http://mywiki.wooledge.org/
  343. http://bash.cyberciti.biz/guide/Main_Page
  344.  
  345. Advanced / reference:
  346. http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/doku.php
  347. http://www.gnu.org/software/bash/manual/bashref.html#Introduction
  348. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/235v51/better_bash_scripting_in_15_minutes/
  349. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html
  350.  
  351. # Command shortcuts - http://bash.kpaste.net/1620c
  352.  
  353. # About terminals
  354. http://linuxgazette.net/137/anonymous.html
  355.  
  356. # Customization
  357. http://colourco.de/
  358. http://pln.jonas.me/xterm-colors
  359. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/23c4us/the_bash_prompt/
  360. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iytrs/terminalsexy_terminal_color_scheme_designer/
  361. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2uf5uu/this_is_my_bash_prompt_which_is_your_favorite/
  362.  
  363.  
  364. # Moar advice
  365. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2dwe4y/dae_have_a_bash_script_template_you_generally/
  366.  
  367. # Bash search suggest box
  368. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2a4b80/bash_history_suggest_box/
  369.  
  370. # How does the Shellshock exploit work?
  371. http://fedoramagazine.org/shellshock-how-does-it-actually-work/
  372. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hlwwz/stackexchanges_top_answer_on_shellshock_and_why/
  373.  
  374.  
  375. # Fav minimalist CLI apps
  376. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2psson/whatre_your_favorite_cli_and_minimalistic/
  377.  
  378. # Fav aliases
  379. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2tjqz2/favorite_aliases/
  380.  
  381. # HOWTO: Ubuntu CLI versions & Framebuffer Programs
  382. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=882596
  383.  
  384. # Filenames in Shell: How to do it correctly (dwheeler.com)
  385. https://www.reddit.com/r/programming/comments/qhgj0/filenames_in_shell_how_to_do_it_correctly/
  386.  
  387. # Cool shit with ls
  388. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/hejra/til_nifty_ls_option_for_displaying_directories/
  389.  
  390. # Bash vs. Zsh
  391. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2fubpn/zsh_proscons/
  392.  
  393.  
  394.  
  395. [[[ Drama ]]]
  396. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1z0vig/ffmpeg_may_return_to_debian_and_by_extend_ubuntu/cfpjqtj
  397.  
  398.  
  399.  
  400. [[[ urxvt ]]]
  401. https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/rxvt-unicode
  402. http://wiki.afterstep.org/index.php?title=Rxvt-Unicode_Configuration_Tutorial
  403. http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/precise/man7/urxvt.7.html
  404.  
  405.  
  406. [[[ FreeNAS ]]]
  407. # Check temps
  408. http://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/how-to-monitor-system-cpu-hdd-mobo-gpu-temperatures-on-freenas-8.2994/
  409.  
  410. # Checklist
  411. https://www.reddit.com/r/freenas/comments/1vw9ic/thinking_about_freenas_but_getting_overwhelmed/
  412.  
  413. # Backup config files automatically
  414. https://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/backup-config-file-every-night-automatically.8237/
  415.  
  416. # Persistent changes in the filesystem - http://kpaste.net/a2c0299
  417.  
  418. # YT tuts
  419. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNzfwKRXUXQifyy3QYCkMRg
  420.  
  421. # The connection problem:
  422. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2q2cn1/i_want_to_connect_to_my_isolated_nas_but_at_the/
  423. # Solutions:
  424. http://lamarque-lvs.blogspot.nl/2011/11/networkmanager-per-device-routing.html
  425. http://askubuntu.com/questions/89364/force-network-manager-to-use-wireless-for-an-internet-connection
  426. https://superuser.com/questions/9586/how-do-i-setup-ubuntu-linuxs-network-manager-to-selectively-route-network-traff
  427. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2161887
  428.  
  429.  
  430. [[[ Hardware ]]]
  431. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/22cnui/pc_engines_apu_system_boards_3x_gige_2_or_4_gb/
  432. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/226izd/intel_releases_99_minnowboard_max_an_opensource/
  433.  
  434.  
  435.  
  436. [[[ TODO: ]]]
  437. Learn the filesystem hierarchy and major bits such as your bootloader, init system or systemd, etc
  438. File shares (Samba, NFS, iSCSI)
  439. Network Services (SSHD, DNS, DHCP, PXE, TFTP, FTP, etc)
  440. Automation (Scripting, Configuration management ie Ansible, Puppet, Chef, Saltstack)
  441. Hardening, Security and Accounts (IPTables, SELinux, patching/repository management, cgroups, encryption, permissions, ldap and kerberos SSO)
  442.  
  443.  
  444. ======================================================================
  445. HANDY COMMANDOS
  446.  
  447. ---
  448. # Archive directory
  449. tar -cvWf archive_name.tar dir_name
  450.  
  451. # Extract archive
  452. tar -xvf archive_name.tar
  453.  
  454. # GPG encrypt
  455. gpg -ac archive_name.tar
  456.  
  457. # GPG decrypt
  458. gpg -d archive_name.tar.asc > archive_name.tar
  459.  
  460. ---
  461. # CLI pastebin alias
  462. alias apaste='curl -F '\''paste=<-'\'' http://apaste.info/store'
  463.  
  464. # Do The Right Extract
  465. http://brettcsmith.org/2007/dtrx/
  466.  
  467. # How to check install size of packages (debian based)
  468. dpkg-query -Wf '${Installed-Size}\t${Package}\n' | sort -n | less
  469.  
  470. # Badblocks
  471. badblocks -nsv -p2 -o ./badblocksresult.txt /dev/sdX
  472.  
  473. # Watch progress of dd
  474. watch -n 1 killall -USR1 dd
  475.  
  476. # What's the best rsync command?
  477. rsync -avPHSxh
  478.  
  479. # Superfind
  480. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16956810/finding-all-files-containing-a-text-string-on-linux
  481.  
  482. # List only dirs and files starting with a . (dot)
  483. ls -d .[^.]*
  484.  
  485.  
  486. diff <(ls /tmp/folder1) <(ls /tmp/folder2) # diff output of 2 commands
  487. diff -r /tmp/folder1 /tmp/folder2 # diff 2 dirs
  488.  
  489. # Substitute string1 to string2 in every file in a given path
  490. find path -type f -exec sed -i 's/string1/string2/' {} \;
  491.  
  492. ## in vim:
  493. # Visually select a block of text and prepend a '#' to it
  494. 1. Visually select block
  495. 2. Ctrl+v I # Esc
  496. # Do the reverse (remove prepending '#' characters)
  497. 1. Visually select block
  498. 2. Ctrl+v 0 x

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