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Untitled
Posted by Anonymous on Wed 21st Jan 2015 11:52
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  1. # How do /r/linuxers share custom dotfiles?
  2. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1j7y7x/how_do_rlinuxers_share_custom_dotfiles/
  3.  
  4. # Logcheck, be lazy with checking logs
  5. http://logcheck.org/
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1QgbnK45IRg&feature=player_detailpage&list=PL170C8C4DDB2961B2&t=2999
  7. https://www.reddit.com/r/homelab/comments/2fgt30/monitoring_logs_with_elk_logstash_kibana/
  8.  
  9. ## Network monitoring
  10. # Pretty Ping!
  11. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1op98a/prettypingsh_a_better_ui_for_watching_ping/
  12. # Other
  13. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2s1q28/useful_commandline_network_monitors_on_linux/
  14.  
  15. # How to run a process on a specific core
  16. http://xmodulo.com/2013/10/run-program-process-specific-cpu-cores-linux.html
  17.  
  18. # How to kill process
  19. http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/kill-process-in-linux-or-terminate-a-process-in-unix-or-linux-systems/
  20.  
  21. # How to roll out your own Debian distro
  22. http://www.staldal.nu/tech/2011/12/11/how-to-roll-your-own-debian-based-linux-distro/
  23.  
  24. # Linux 2FA
  25. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2b4u4n/2_factor_authentication_backup_2fa_software_for/
  26. # OTP (GAuth) @ CLI
  27. http://otp.readthedocs.org/en/latest/
  28.  
  29. # Run stuff collaboratively on a server.
  30. http://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/tqo7b/til_rundeck_is_a_great_tool_to_run_commands/
  31.  
  32. # Generate random strings
  33. http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/30184/10-ways-to-generate-a-random-password-from-the-command-line/
  34.  
  35. # twander file manager
  36. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1ydl8t/pcman_file_manager_120_gets_separated_desktop/cfjuw9u
  37.  
  38. # Why u no open hardware :(
  39. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/20zg0h/first_ubuntu_tablets_to_launch_this_autumn/cg86z25
  40.  
  41. # About docs
  42. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/24jzyg/well_thats_a_super_helpful_installation_error/ch887pw
  43.  
  44. # Pipe through Internet!
  45. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/24uyqo/til_you_can_pipe_through_internet/
  46.  
  47. # LUKS data encryption
  48. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2bgnwp/encrypt_your_data_using_luks/
  49.  
  50. # cgroups
  51. http://lwn.net/Articles/603762/
  52.  
  53. # Persistent (full?) install linux on usb for multiple computers with little to no damage? (self.linux)
  54. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2gqovx/persistent_full_install_linux_on_usb_for_multiple/
  55.  
  56. # 3D filesystem browser
  57. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hky9x/tdfsb_3d_filesystem_browser/
  58.  
  59. # IPcalc
  60. http://jodies.de/ipcalc
  61.  
  62. # Photoshop on Linux
  63. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2nbe8y/it_can_be_done_photoshop_cs5_on_linux_with_wine/
  64.  
  65. # Data recovery
  66. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2ov9tu/safecopy_recover_data_from_corrupt_media/
  67.  
  68.  
  69.  
  70.  
  71. [[[ General resources & Blogs ]]]
  72.  
  73. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/21rm3o/what_is_a_useful_linux_tool_that_you_use_that/
  74. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2ao9tp/want_to_learn_to_be_a_linux_sysadmin/
  75.  
  76. http://inconsolation.wordpress.com/index/
  77. http://www.catonmat.net/blog/bash-one-liners-explained-part-one/
  78. http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/ubuntu/keyboard-shortcuts-for-bash-command-shell-for-ubuntu-debian-suse-redhat-linux-etc/
  79. http://mindspill.net/computing/linux-notes/
  80. http://conqueringthecommandline.com/
  81. http://n0where.net/open-source-sysadmin-resources/
  82. https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Servers
  83.  
  84. # installgentoo
  85. https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php?title=Main_Page
  86.  
  87. # About filesystem
  88. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1ypoz8/take_the_linux_filesystem_tour/
  89.  
  90. # Hardlinks & Softlinks
  91. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/251mb8/the_difference_between_hard_and_soft_links/
  92.  
  93. # X11 / Xorg / graphics stack explained
  94. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2acvmo/explaining_x11_for_the_rest_of_us/
  95. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2b8ap8/heartwrenching_story_of_opengl/
  96. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1twuhi/xplain_explaining_x11_for_the_rest_of_us_jasper/
  97.  
  98. # (Illustrated) SSH
  99. http://chamibuddhika.wordpress.com/2012/03/21/ssh-tunnelling-explained/
  100. http://www.unixwiz.net/techtips/ssh-agent-forwarding.html
  101. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iflp3/prefixed_multihop_ssh_wildcard_configurations/
  102. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2r539r/why_arent_we_using_ssh_for_everything/
  103.  
  104. # The Fascinating World of Linux System Calls (sysdigcloud.com)
  105. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2pm6lo/the_fascinating_world_of_linux_system_calls/
  106.  
  107. # systemd for Administrators, Part 1
  108. http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/systemd-for-admins-1.html
  109. # systemd for users
  110. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2dvmdn/what_do_you_as_a_user_love_about_systemd/
  111.  
  112. # Rsync difference between --checksum and --ignore-times options
  113. http://serverfault.com/questions/211005/rsync-difference-between-checksum-and-ignore-times-options
  114.  
  115. # wget useful commands
  116. https://www.reddit.com/r/opendirectories/comments/2rfg79/20_wget_commands_that_can_be_used_to_accomplish/
  117.  
  118. # Rute User's Tutorial and Exposition
  119. http://rute.2038bug.com/index.html.gz
  120.  
  121. # Explains commands and their flags. VERY USEFUL!
  122. http://explainshell.com/
  123.  
  124. # IBM developer works
  125. http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/
  126.  
  127. # Debian minimal
  128. http://linuxforcynics.com/how-to/minimal-debian-install
  129. http://ask.debian.net/questions/what-s-the-first-thing-you-do-after-you-install-debian
  130.  
  131. # BroPages
  132. http://bropages.org/browse
  133.  
  134. # Cron syntax in plain English
  135. http://cronchecker.net/
  136.  
  137. # Install WordPress on CentOS 6.x
  138. http://www.geekpeek.net/install-wordpress-on-centos/
  139. http://www.tecmint.com/install-wordpress-using-lamp-or-lemp-on-rhel-centos-fedora/
  140.  
  141. # iptables
  142. https://access.redhat.com/site/documentation/en-US/Red_Hat_Enterprise_Linux/6/html/Security_Guide/sect-Security_Guide-IPTables.html
  143. http://www.linuxtopia.org/online_books/centos_linux_guides/centos_linux_security_guide/s1-fireall-ipt-act.html
  144. http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-fedorta-linux-iptables-firewall-configuration-tutorial/
  145. http://diaryproducts.net/about/operating_systems/unix/nmap_port_scanner_iptables_firewall
  146.  
  147. # GRUB
  148. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1195275
  149. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2ex4ex/short_introduction_into_grub_internals/
  150.  
  151. # Visualize memory
  152. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2mrrjb/how_to_visualize_memory_usage_on_linux/
  153.  
  154. # inotify (trigger)
  155. https://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/2runmh/how_you_can_use_inotifytools_to_monitor_file/
  156.  
  157.  
  158. [ Nginx ]
  159. # docs
  160. https://github.com/ngx/docs
  161. http://wiki.nginx.org/Main
  162.  
  163. # Optimizing nginx
  164. http://blog.zachorr.com/nginx-setup/
  165.  
  166. # How to redirect nginx
  167. http://www.servernoobs.com/nginx-redirect-url-with-http1-1-301-moved-permanently-header/?doing_wp_cron=1393287314.0689818859100341796875
  168.  
  169. # Hardening nginx with better cyphers
  170. https://www.reddit.com/r/netsec/comments/2pqsx9/harden_ssl_in_nginx_with_stronger_ciphers_newer/
  171.  
  172.  
  173. [ Docker ]
  174. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2bxxye/introduction_to_docker/
  175. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2c1csz/whos_using_docker/
  176. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2bedwv/docker_security_with_selinux/
  177. https://github.com/shofetim/docker-skype
  178.  
  179.  
  180. [ Namespaces ]
  181. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2n7mol/linux_namespaces_powerful_isolation_os_level/
  182. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2n17b7/a_guide_to_linux_namespaces_and_environment/
  183.  
  184.  
  185. [ tmux ]
  186. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2arczq/learn_tmux_with_minimul/
  187. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/240oyo/mucks_a_session_manager_for_gnu_screen_and_tmux/
  188. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/25tcfk/practical_tmux/
  189.  
  190. # Memory leak improvement under Linux - http://tmux.kpaste.net/ee9c3
  191.  
  192.  
  193. [ LOL / regex ]
  194. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12985082
  195. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1732348/regex-match-open-tags-except-xhtml-self-contained-tags/1732454
  196.  
  197. # Validating e-mail addresses, easy way, and the hard way.
  198. http://blog.mattheworiordan.com/post/13174566389/url-regular-expression-for-links-with-or-without-the
  199. http://www.ex-parrot.com/pdw/Mail-RFC822-Address.html
  200.  
  201. # Intro to regex
  202. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkluES9Rvak
  203.  
  204. # Awk primer
  205. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/29hskb/an_awk_primer_wikibooks_open_books_for_an_open/
  206.  
  207.  
  208. [ LaTeX ]
  209. www.latextemplates.com
  210. https://www.writelatex.com/
  211. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2clx22/learning_latex_on_linux/
  212.  
  213.  
  214. [ YouTube chans ]
  215. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbNxlZZVmfP8n84ag-rGpMg/videos
  216. https://www.youtube.com/user/theurbanpenguin/videos?view=1&flow=list
  217. https://www.youtube.com/user/sabiddle/videos
  218. # scripting
  219. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLcUid3OP_4OXOUqYTDGjq-iEwtBf-3l2E
  220.  
  221.  
  222. [[[ ~ Audio ~ ]]]
  223.  
  224. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1nun4f/using_linux_to_make_music_whats_the_deal/
  225. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iwd2y/is_linux_suitable_for_audio_recordingproduction/
  226. https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Pro_Audio
  227. http://alsa.opensrc.org/
  228.  
  229. http://tuxradar.com/content/how-it-works-linux-audio-explained
  230. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/20118941/linux-audio-sub-systems
  231. http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/guide-to-sound-apis.html
  232.  
  233. https://forum.ableton.com/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=187391
  234.  
  235. https://github.com/wedesoft/hornetseye-alsa
  236. https://github.com/torvalds/linux/tree/master/Documentation/sound/alsa
  237.  
  238. http://manual.ardour.org/synchronization/latency-and-latency-compensation/
  239.  
  240. # General Reddit threads
  241. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/236a5l/can_someone_make_something_akin_to_wayland_but/
  242. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2sutds/my_band_pneumonia_recorded_our_first_album_using/
  243.  
  244. # Dynamic Range Compression for PulseAudio
  245. https://www.bfccomputing.com/dynamic-range-compression-for-pulseaudio/
  246.  
  247. # ALSA / Pulseaudio for pro audio discussion
  248. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hv73a/what_is_the_one_thing_you_wish_linux_had_natively/ckwd9mk
  249.  
  250. # Config
  251. http://wiki.linuxaudio.org/wiki/system%20configuration#build_your_own_real-time_kernel_on_debian_wheezy_or_later
  252. http://www.penguinproducer.com/Blog/2011/12/setting-up-a-studio-with-ubuntu/
  253.  
  254. # RIP CDs
  255. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2ijhdj/gnu_ddrescue_119_released/cl2pofg
  256.  
  257. # Speech / Voice recognition
  258. http://grasch.net/node/22
  259. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2jhzle/the_state_of_voice_recognition_software_within/https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2jhzle/the_state_of_voice_recognition_software_within/
  260.  
  261. # Learn piano
  262. http://pianobooster.sourceforge.net/
  263.  
  264. # The power of (GC)C
  265. echo "main(i){for(i=0;;i++)putchar(((i*(i>>17|i>>9)&46&i>>3))^(i&i>>10|i>>100));}" | gcc -w -x c - && ./a.out | aplay
  266.  
  267. # Troubleshooting
  268. lsusb / lspci
  269. cat /proc/asound/cards
  270. aplay -l
  271. aplay-L
  272.  
  273.  
  274.  
  275. [[[ Alternative UI ]]]
  276.  
  277. # Dex UI - Futuristic/Sci-Fi Interface Programmed In openFrameworks (nnkd.org)
  278. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2t0vjv/dex_ui_futuristicscifi_interface_programmed_in/
  279.  
  280. # Eagle Mode - Zoomable User Interface (YouTube)
  281. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1nprrh/eagle_mode_zoomable_user_interface_youtube/
  282.  
  283. # Wayland 3D Compositor on Oculus Rift (youtube.com)
  284. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/287nup/wayland_3d_compositor_on_oculus_rift/
  285.  
  286.  
  287.  
  288. [[[ GAEMZ ]]]
  289. # TribesNext (Tribes2 re-implementation) under Linux
  290. http://www.tribesnext.com/forum/index.php?topic=2095.0
  291. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdyxo_tauNQ
  292.  
  293. # RetroRig
  294. http://www.reddit.com/r/LinuxActionShow/comments/25wndc/retrorig_a_personal_project_i_hope_everyone/
  295.  
  296.  
  297.  
  298. [[[ Damage ]]]
  299.  
  300. [ Prevent ]
  301. # Backup ideas
  302. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2qtyby/what_does_rlinux_use_to_backup_their_computers/
  303.  
  304. # How to shred recursively in directories
  305. http://www.linuxforums.org/forum/miscellaneous/46693-how-shred-entire-directory-tree.html#post257616
  306.  
  307. # What to do when altering remote machines
  308. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1kdf37/what_are_some_of_your_major_linux_fk_ups/cbnzb11
  309.  
  310. [ Control ]
  311. http://serverfault.com/questions/218005/how-do-i-deal-with-a-compromised-server
  312.  
  313.  
  314.  
  315. [[[ Shell & Scripting ]]]
  316. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2foinb/what_is_the_exact_difference_between_a_terminal_a/
  317. http://mywiki.wooledge.org/
  318. http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/doku.php
  319. http://www.gnu.org/software/bash/manual/bashref.html#Introduction
  320. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/235v51/better_bash_scripting_in_15_minutes/
  321. http://guide.bash.academy/
  322. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html
  323.  
  324. # About terminals
  325. http://linuxgazette.net/137/anonymous.html
  326.  
  327. # Customization
  328. http://pln.jonas.me/xterm-colors
  329. http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/23c4us/the_bash_prompt/
  330. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2iytrs/terminalsexy_terminal_color_scheme_designer/
  331.  
  332. # Bash search suggest box
  333. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2a4b80/bash_history_suggest_box/
  334.  
  335. # Moar advice
  336. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2dwe4y/dae_have_a_bash_script_template_you_generally/
  337.  
  338. # Bash vs. Zsh
  339. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2fubpn/zsh_proscons/
  340.  
  341. # How does the Shellshock exploit work?
  342. http://fedoramagazine.org/shellshock-how-does-it-actually-work/
  343. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2hlwwz/stackexchanges_top_answer_on_shellshock_and_why/
  344.  
  345. # Fav minimalist CLI apps
  346. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/2psson/whatre_your_favorite_cli_and_minimalistic/
  347.  
  348.  
  349.  
  350. [ VIM ]
  351. # Learn
  352. https://raw.github.com/dahu/LearnVim/master/doc/learnvim.txt
  353. http://dahu.github.io/vim_waz_ere/
  354. https://github.com/dahu/VimRegexTutor
  355. http://www.youtube.com/user/MinuteVimTricks/videos
  356. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/264hl2/learn_to_love_vim/
  357. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/29by6c/so_i_now_want_to_learn_vim_and_use_it_as_python/
  358.  
  359. http://pascalprecht.github.io/2014/03/18/why-i-use-vim/
  360. http://of-vim-and-vigor.blogspot.de/2012/06/art-of-edits-i-weaponry.html
  361. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1kdvq5/til_that_vim_has_tabs_thats_wonderful/
  362. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1218390/what-is-your-most-productive-shortcut-with-vim
  363. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/11489428/how-to-make-vim-paste-from-and-copy-to-systems-clipboard
  364.  
  365. http://vimcasts.org/
  366.  
  367. # book
  368. http://pragprog.com/book/dnvim/practical-vim
  369.  
  370. # counter-argument
  371. http://www.reddit.com/submit?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdelvarworld.github.io%2Fblog%2F2013%2F03%2F16%2Fjust-use-sublime-text%2F
  372.  
  373. # Color schemes
  374. https://code.google.com/p/vimcolorschemetest/
  375.  
  376. # Plugins
  377. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/29a0ya/vim_awesome/
  378. http://lsh.io/plugtalk/#48
  379.  
  380.  
  381.  
  382. [[[ Drama ]]]
  383. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/1z0vig/ffmpeg_may_return_to_debian_and_by_extend_ubuntu/cfpjqtj
  384.  
  385.  
  386.  
  387. [[[ urxvt ]]]
  388. https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/rxvt-unicode
  389. http://wiki.afterstep.org/index.php?title=Rxvt-Unicode_Configuration_Tutorial
  390. http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/precise/man7/urxvt.7.html
  391.  
  392.  
  393. [[[ FreeNAS ]]]
  394. # Check temps
  395. http://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/how-to-monitor-system-cpu-hdd-mobo-gpu-temperatures-on-freenas-8.2994/
  396.  
  397. # Checklist
  398. https://www.reddit.com/r/freenas/comments/1vw9ic/thinking_about_freenas_but_getting_overwhelmed/
  399.  
  400. # Backup config files automatically
  401. https://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/backup-config-file-every-night-automatically.8237/
  402.  
  403. # Persistent changes in the filesystem - http://kpaste.net/a2c0299
  404.  
  405. # The connection problem:
  406. https://www.reddit.com/r/linux4noobs/comments/2q2cn1/i_want_to_connect_to_my_isolated_nas_but_at_the/
  407. # Solutions:
  408. http://lamarque-lvs.blogspot.nl/2011/11/networkmanager-per-device-routing.html
  409. http://askubuntu.com/questions/89364/force-network-manager-to-use-wireless-for-an-internet-connection
  410. https://superuser.com/questions/9586/how-do-i-setup-ubuntu-linuxs-network-manager-to-selectively-route-network-traff
  411. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2161887
  412.  
  413.  
  414. [[[ Hardware ]]]
  415. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/22cnui/pc_engines_apu_system_boards_3x_gige_2_or_4_gb/
  416. http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/226izd/intel_releases_99_minnowboard_max_an_opensource/
  417.  
  418.  
  419.  
  420. [[[ TODO: ]]]
  421. Learn the filesystem hierarchy and major bits such as your bootloader, init system or systemd, etc
  422. File shares (Samba, NFS, iSCSI)
  423. Network Services (SSHD, DNS, DHCP, PXE, TFTP, FTP, etc)
  424. Automation (Scripting, Configuration management ie Ansible, Puppet, Chef, Saltstack)
  425. Hardening, Security and Accounts (IPTables, SELinux, patching/repository management, cgroups, encryption, permissions, ldap and kerberos SSO)
  426.  
  427.  
  428. ======================================================================
  429. HANDY COMMANDOS
  430.  
  431. ---
  432. # Archive directory
  433. tar -cvWf archive_name.tar dir_name
  434.  
  435. # Extract archive
  436. tar -xvf archive_name.tar
  437.  
  438. # GPG encrypt
  439. gpg -ac archive_name.tar
  440.  
  441. # GPG decrypt
  442. gpg -d archive_name.tar.asc > archive_name.tar
  443.  
  444. ---
  445. # CLI pastebin alias
  446. alias apaste='curl -F '\''paste=<-'\'' http://apaste.info/store'
  447.  
  448. # Do The Right Extract
  449. http://brettcsmith.org/2007/dtrx/
  450.  
  451. # How to check install size of packages (debian based)
  452. dpkg-query -Wf '${Installed-Size}\t${Package}\n' | sort -n | less
  453.  
  454. # Badblocks
  455. badblocks -nsv -p2 -o ./badblocksresult.txt /dev/sdX
  456.  
  457. # Watch progress of dd
  458. watch -n 1 killall -USR1 dd
  459.  
  460. # What's the best rsync command?
  461. rsync -avPHSxh
  462.  
  463. # Superfind
  464. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16956810/finding-all-files-containing-a-text-string-on-linux
  465.  
  466. # List only dirs and files starting with a . (dot)
  467. ls -d .[^.]*
  468.  
  469.  
  470. diff <(ls /tmp/folder1) <(ls /tmp/folder2) # diff output of 2 commands
  471. diff -r /tmp/folder1 /tmp/folder2 # diff 2 dirs
  472.  
  473. # Substitute string1 to string2 in every file in a given path
  474. find path -type f -exec sed -i 's/string1/string2/' {} \;
  475.  
  476. ## in vim:
  477. # Visually select a block of text and prepend a '#' to it
  478. 1. Visually select block
  479. 2. Ctrl+v I # Esc
  480. # Do the reverse (remove prepending '#' characters)
  481. 1. Visually select block
  482. 2. Ctrl+v 0 x

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